Home :: About Us :: Pilgrimage:: Hotels :: Visa on Arrival:: Contact Us :: Feedback :: Query
India Travel Tour
safeway tour travel Beach Vacation Package
safeway tour travel Honeymoon Vacation Package
safeway tour travel Adventure Travel Tour
safeway tour travel Golden Triangle Tours
and more...
Rajasthan Tour
safeway tour travel Rajasthan Travel Guide
safeway tour travel Rajasthan Travel Package
safeway tour travel Heritage Hotels in Rajasthan
safeway tour travel Festivals in Rajasthan
and more...
Heritage India Tour
safeway tour travel Architecture
safeway tour travel Art & Craft
safeway tour travel Costumes
safeway tour travel Cuisine
and more...
India Wildlife Tour
safeway tour travel Bandhvagarh National Park
safeway tour travel Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
safeway tour travel Bandipur National Park
safeway tour travel Corbett National Park
and more...
Tajmahal India Tours
safeway tour travel History of Taj Mahal
safeway tour travel Attraction around Taj Mahal
safeway tour travel Mumtaz Mahal
safeway tour travel Taj Mahal Architectural Guide
and more...
Ladakh Travel Tour
safeway tour travel Leh
safeway tour travel Drass Valley
safeway tour travel Suru Valley
safeway tour travel Kargil
and more...
Maps of India
safeway tour travel Agra Map
safeway tour travel Bikaner Map
safeway tour travel Bangalore Map
safeway tour travel Calcutta Map
and more...
Hotels in Ladakh
safeway tour travel Hotel Shambha-la
safeway tour travel Hotel K-Star Palace
safeway tour travel Other Hotels
and more...
Nepal Travel Guide
safeway tour travel Nepal Information
safeway tour travel Adventure in Nepal
safeway tour travel Explore Nepal
and more...
Tamil Nadu
Population: 56 million
Languages: Tamil
Capitol: Chennai

Tamil Nadu extends from the southernmost tip of the country, Kanyakumari (where the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bangal meet), north to the Palani, Annamalai and Nilgiri Hills, which straddle this state's borders with Kerala and Karnataka. Amongst these forested hills can be found tea and coffee plantations as well as the well-known hill stations of Ooty (Udagamandalam) and Kodaikanal. The Mudamalai Wildlife Sanctuary occupies an area of heavy teak forest in the lower reaches of these hills. In the eastern area of Tamil Nadu the alluvial plains of the Cauvery River support a productive rice growing area.

This southern state was affected only minimally by the presence of the British and the Moguls on the subcontinent, leaving it today as the heartland of South Indian temple architecture. In the market area of almost every town can be found large temple complexes, their entryways marked by huge ornate gopura.

Dravidian language and culture has developed separately from that of North India since the earliest recorded evidence which dates from the 4th century BC. Physically, also, the people of 'Dravidadasa' (what is now Tamil Nadu and Kerala) are distinct from their northern taller, lighter skinned countrymen. The early kingdoms, the Cheras in the west, the Pandyas in the south and the Cholas in the east, traded heavily with Europe in spices, precious stones and metals.

By the 4th century AD the wealth and power of these three dynasties had largely faded, and by the 6th century the Pallavas, based in Kanchipuram, ruled the region. Marked by territorial battles with the Chalukyas in the west (in what is now Karnataka) and with the Pandyas, this was also a period of social development which gave birth to traditional Tamil music and dance. During this era the temple became the predominant focal point of religious activity. It was in Tamil Nadu that a variation of Hinduism called 'bhakti' originated. This developed into a movement that spread to the rest of India to become the main form of Hinduism. Bhakti worship was a form that was open to all castes, focussed primarily on the gods Vishnu and Shiva. It's main spokespeople were the poet-saints, whose poetry is still popular and whose collective writing are South India's most important literary legacy.

Between the 14th and the 16th centuries the Vijayanagars established themselves in Hampi (in Karnataka) and spread to much of South India, while fighting off Muslim approaches from the north. It was the Vijayanagars who introduced the huge gopura, the temple gateway towers, as well as building many new temples and enlarging existing ones.

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in South India, followed about a century later by the British, the French and the Dutch. It was the British, based in Madras, and the French, based in Pondicherry, who engaged in the fiercest territorial disputes, while remaining on more or less friendly terms with the Indians. Finally the French were left with only Pondicherry and the British consolidated their position on the subcontinent. The 1950's saw a redrawing of state borders along linguistic lines. This resulted in a predominantly Tamil-speaking area retaining the name of Madras Presidency, which had been a somewhat larger area under the British. In 1965 Madras Presidency became Tamil Nadu and in 1967 the DMK (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) party took over from Congress. The DMK was an anti-Brahmin, pro-Tamil-identity movement which had begun in the 1920's and 30's. In the mid-70's, film-star-turned-politician M.G.Ramachandran broke away from the DMK, which was anti-central government and pro-industry, to form the AIADMK (All India Anna DMK). Promoting welfare schemes, he was swept to an easy win in 1977 by adoring fans. When he died in 1988, power returned briefly to the DMK but soon the AIADMK was again led to power, this time by former film star and dancer Jayalalitha Jayaram who had been very close to MGR. By the end of the 90's the DMK was back in power under the leadership of Karaninidhi, another contemporary of MGR, and Jayalalitha though still powerful within her party was defending herself against an extensive list of corruption charges.

India Tour Guide
safeway tour travel Adventur Travel
safeway tour travel Ayurveda &Spa Tours
safeway tour travel Art &Cultural
safeway tour travel Luxury Train
and more...
Monuments in India
safeway tour travel Ajanta Ellora
safeway tour travel Char Minar
safeway tour travel Fatehpur Sikri
safeway tour travel Humayun's Tomb (Delhi)
and more...
India State Guide
safeway tour travel Andhra Pradesh
safeway tour travel Uttranchal
safeway tour travel Gujrat
safeway tour travel West Bangal
and more...
Heritage Hotel in India
safeway tour travel Basant Bihar Palace,Bikaner
safeway tour travel Karni Bhawan Palace,Bikaner
safeway tour travel Lallgarh Palace,Bikaner
safeway tour travel Laxami Niwas Palace,Bikaner
and more...
Hill Station in India
safeway tour travel Almora
safeway tour travel Dalhousie
safeway tour travel Darjeeling
safeway tour travel Dharamshala
and more...
Pilgrimage in India
safeway tour travel Ayodhya
safeway tour travel Tirupati
safeway tour travel Rishikesh
safeway tour travel Haridwar
and more...
Beaches of India
safeway tour travel Ahmedpur Mandevi
safeway tour travel Alapuzha Beach
safeway tour travel Calangute
safeway tour travel Chowpatty
and more...
Suggest Treks
safeway tour travel Manali Ladakh Trek
safeway tour travel Indus Valley Trek
safeway tour travel Classic Markha Valley
safeway tour travel Ladakh Monastery Trek
and more...
Srilanka Travel Guide
safeway tour travel Sriilanka Information
safeway tour travel Palaces to Visit
safeway tour travelSrilanka Tour Packages
and more...
Travel Agent in Rajasthan
Travel Agent Varanasi
Travel Agent Agra
Travel Agent Himachal
Travel Agent Kerela
Shimla Manali Tours Packages from Delhi
Shimla Manali Honeymoon Packages
Shimla Manali Tour Packages
Kerala Holiday Tours Packages
Rishikesh Yoga Meditation Tour Packages
Tajmahal Tour Packages
Darjeeling Honeymoon Packages
Darjeeling Honeymoon Packages from Delhi
Sikkim Honeymoon Packages
Sikkim Honeymoon Packages from Delhi
Chardham Yatra Packages
Chardham Yatra Package from Delhi
Home :: About Us :: Pilgrimage:: Hotels :: Contact Us :: Feedback :: Query